Tuesday, April 30, 2013
H7N9 avian influenza in Hong Kong threat looming.CHP's new discovery and infectious animal diseases Scientific Committee meeting yesterday to analysis of the latest outbreak, the next six months is the key, so far found that the elderly are a high risk group of H7N9, 5% of the patients in the Mainland over the age of 60, elderly mortality Bi Shashi higher .http://news.on.cc/cnt/news/20130501/bkn-20130501023031374-0501_00822_001.html
Recombinomics Commentary 21:15On April 19, 2013, the Secretary determined that there is a significant potential for a public health emergency that has a significant potential to affect national security or the health and security of United States citizens living abroad and that involves the avian influenza A (H7N9) virus.
April 30, 2013
April 30, 2013
The above comments are from the US Health and Human Service (HHS)notice entitled “Determination and Declaration Regarding Emergency Use of in Vitro Diagnostics for Detection of the Avian Influenza A (H7N9) Virus”. The notice allows use of an unapproved diagnostic test for the detection of H7N9 bird flu.
Although WHO has cited a lack of evidence for efficient human to human transmission of H7N9, the sequence data provides compelling evidence for sustained transmission in Jiangsu Province (see map), which is further supported by the export of H7N9 from Jiangsu Province to Taiwan via a traveler using a commercial airline. The export of H7N9 suggests the levels of H7N9 infections are markedly higher than the lab confirmed cases, which relies on an insensitive assay which has produced an alarming number of false negatives, when samples from the upper respiratory tract are used.
The emergency notice by the US HHS provides addition evidence for efficient human H7N9 transmission, WHO denials notwithstanding.
Recombinomics Commentary 03:15
April 30, 2013
The recently released avian sequences had Q226L, which had not been reported previously in H7 (or H5). However, Q226L has become common in avian H9N2 sequences and the close relationship of the six H7N9 internal genes to H9N2 sequences suggests these internal genes were compatible with Q226L in avian hosts. However, the PB2 changes(E627K and D701N) have not been identified in any of the recent H7N9 sequences from live markets in and around Shanghai, and some have speculated that these mammalian adaptations happened in the human cases. However, the presence of E627K in six of the seven human cases and the absence in any of the avian cases does not support the repeated acquisition E627K. The presence of L226I, another mammalian adaptation, in the two sequences from the earlier case (who has been described as 39M, 38M, and 37M) raises serious questions about a recent avian source, since this adaptation has not been reported in any of the avian sequences.
Moreover, the recently released H7 sequence from a Jiangsu case (45M), A/Jiangsu/01/2013, also has L226I, and the H7 sequence is identical to A/Hangzhou/1/2013 and A/Zhejiang/1/2013. Although the PB2 sequence from A/Jiangsu/01/2013 has not been released, N9 and MP sequences are public and both sequences exactly match A/Hangzhou/1/2013. The H7 and N9 sequences have synonymous changes (A1215C and T409C, respectively), which are also not present in other human or avian sequences, strongly supporting clonal expansion.
However, there is no reported contact between the two cases. The earlier case is a chef who lived in Hangzhou, but worked in Jiangsu, while the second case was from Jiangsu, but not near the occupational local for the first case. The identity in the three sequences from cases without contact with each other strongly supports sustained human to human transmission, which is also supported by the presence of PB2 E627K in 6 of the 7 human cases 9and absence in all five if the avian PB2 sequences.
This sustained transmission contradicts WHO statements, which rely on testing of upper respiratory tract samples, which have produced frequent false negatives. In contrast to the negative data cited by WHO, the exact matches in the two cases above provides clear evidence for sustained human transmission. Release of a full set of sequences from the Jiangsu case would be useful (and quite doable since the sequences from the first three gene segments were from an egg isolate).
The WHO claims of no evidence of H2H transmission, and the failure to address the identities in the human H7N9, continue to raise serious pandemic concerns.
Denied Dr. Hamdy Hawass, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Health in Damietta, the existence of any state reserved the hospital diets Damietta infected with bird flu . Hawass said he was "no truth to the rumors about the existence of a new type called bird flu Chinese , "noting that the province of Damietta completely free of the disease . , adding that the situation called نعسة Ibrahim that rumors it was the first case of bird flu was suspected case and not injured . pointed senses that the cases that have reached the hospital fevers Damietta, all of which were negative and non-carriers of the disease, did not witness this year, any outbreak of the disease so far .